A review of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: observations, inferences, and mechanisms 2 March 2016

A review of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: observations, inferences, and mechanisms

A recently published and thorough review of the current state of scientific knowledge regarding the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) has been published in Reviews of Geophysics.This effort was supported by CPO's Climate Variability and Predictability (CVP) and Modeling, Analysis, Prediction, and Projections (MAPP) programs. 

Causes for Intraseasonal Sea Surface Salinity Variability in the Western Tropical Pacific Ocean and Its Seasonality 11 January 2016

Causes for Intraseasonal Sea Surface Salinity Variability in the Western Tropical Pacific Ocean and Its Seasonality

A new CVP-supported paper published in the Journal of Geophysical Research explores variability in ocean salinity and how that variability is connected to air-sea interactions, large-scale ocean circulations, and climate phenomena such as the MJO and ENSO.
El Niño modeling improvements introduced to Zebiak-Cane model 7 December 2015

El Niño modeling improvements introduced to Zebiak-Cane model

In a new study published in the Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, Xie et al. address the continued role of the Zebiak-Cane coupled model in ENSO forecasting.
Intraseasonal Variability of Upwelling in the Equatorial Eastern Indian Ocean 30 November 2015

Intraseasonal Variability of Upwelling in the Equatorial Eastern Indian Ocean

A new CVP-supported study by Chen et al. titled “Intraseasonal Variability of Upwelling in the Equatorial Eastern Indian Ocean” has been published in the Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans.

Climate models bias the rains down in Africa, but there’s something that 100 model runs or more could do 26 October 2015

Climate models bias the rains down in Africa, but there’s something that 100 model runs or more could do

If Toto had been a group of climate modelers instead of a band, the song “Africa” might have informed listeners that East Africa has two rainy seasons--long rains from March to May and short rains from October to December.

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Americans’ health, security and economic wellbeing are tied to climate and weather. Every day, we see communities grappling with environmental challenges due to unusual or extreme events related to climate and weather. In 2017, the United States experienced a record-tying 16 climate- and weather-related disasters where overall costs reached or exceeded $1 billion. Combined, these events claimed 362 lives, and had significant economic effects on the areas impacted, costing more than $306 billion. Businesses, policy leaders, resource managers and citizens are increasingly asking for information to help them address such challenges.

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