Annarita Mariotti

Program Director; Modeling, Analysis, Predictions, and Projections


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 NOAA Climate Program Office 
 1315 East-West Hwy, SSMC-3, Rm 12124
 Silver Spring, MD 20910

Dr Annarita Mariotti is the Director of the NOAA Modeling, Analysis, Predictions and Projections (MAPP) Program, as part of the Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research (OAR) Climate Program Office, in Silver Spring Maryland. MAPP is a mission-driven research program to advance NOAA’s capabilities to monitor, simulate and predict Earth system variability and change. Under her tenure, the MAPP program has engaged over 120 scientists annually as part of its Task Forces; MAPP has led the organization of several community workshops and published numerous topical reports, in addition to the over 200 annual peer-reviewed publications by MAPP investigators; the MAPP program has productively engaged in intra-NOAA, interagency and international partnerships resulting in a significant contribution to the advancement of the US Global Change Research Program and the World Climate Research Program.

Dr Mariotti’s own research has focused on investigating water cycle – climate linkages in an interdisciplinary Earth system framework considering the broad range of processes and impacts relevant to the water cycle. Her studies have focused on understanding climate and water cycle variability and predictability on seasonal to centennial time-scales. Her work has contributed to a better understanding of aspects of the global water cycle, atmospheric teleconnection mechanisms, and of the impacts of climate variability on water resources and ecosystems. Advancing the understanding of climate variability and predictability in the European-Mediterranean region has been among her main research contributions. Most recently her interests have focused on the understanding of climate change and decadal variability and predictability.Over the years, her work has resulted in over 30 research papers in peer-reviewed journals and many book chapters contributions. Her research has contributed to the development of programs such as MedCLIVAR and HYMEX and to the works of the Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC).

Educational Background

» Ph.D. Meteorology. University of Paris VI, France, 1997.

» Bachelor Degree in Physics. University of Rome II, Italy, 1991.



60+ overall publications:

  • 41 peer reviewed publications (lead author on 16).
  • 20 book chapters, technical reports and other publications
  • Google Scholar: H-Index 29, citations 3866, i10-index 38

List of publications in peer-reviewed journals

  • (41) Maloney E. et al. (30 co-authors including Mariotti A), 2019. Process-Oriented Evaluation of Climate and Weather Forecasting Models Published Online: 1 May 2019
  • (40) Mariotti, A., E. A. Barnes, E. K.-M. Chang, A. Lang, P. A. Dirmeyer, K. Pegion, D. Barrie, and C. Baggett, 2019. Bridging the weather-to-climate prediction gap, Eos, 100, Published on 19 February 2019.
  • (39) A Mariotti, J Dunne, J Link, H Tolman, K Garrett, D Snowden, T Schneider, 2019. NOAA General Modeling Meeting and Fair Brings Together Its Modeling Enterprise Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0318.1, in press
  • (38) Pellet, V., Aires, F., Mariotti, A. et al. 2018. Analyzing the Mediterranean Water Cycle Via Satellite Data Integration Pure Appl. Geophys.
  • (37) Zhang, M., A. Mariotti, Z. Lin, V. Ramaswamy, J. Lamarque, Z. Xie, and J. Zhu, 2018. Coordination to understand and reduce global model biases by U.S. and Chinese Institutions. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 99 (7), ES109-ES113 doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0301.1
  • (36) Mariotti, A., Ruti, P.M., Rixen, M., 2018. Progress in subseasonal to seasonal prediction through a joint weather and climate community effort. NPJ Climate and Atmospheric Science  1 (1), 4 doi:10.1038/s41612-018-0014-z
  • (35) A Bellucci, A Mariotti, S Gualdi, 2017. The Role of Forcings in the Twentieth-Century North Atlantic Multidecadal Variability: The 1940–75 North Atlantic Cooling Case Study Journal of Climate 30 (18), 7317-7337.
  • (34) Pan, YT, Zeng, N., Mariotti, A., Wang, H., Kumar, A., Lobato Sanchez, R., Jha, B., 2017. Covariability of Central America/Mexico winter precipitation and tropical sea surface temperatures. Clim. Dyn: 1-12,
  • (33) Schubert, S. D., Stewart, R. E., Wang, H., Barlow, M., Berbery, E. H., Cai, W., ... & Mariotti, A., 2016. Global Meteorological Drought: A Synthesis of Current Understanding with a Focus on SST Drivers of Precipitation Deficits. Journal of Climate, 29(11), 3989-4019.
  • (32) Dell’Aquila, A., Mariotti, A., Bastin, S., Calmanti, S., Cavicchia, L., Deque, M., ... & Gualdi, S., 2018. Evaluation of simulated decadal variations over the Euro-Mediterranean region from ENSEMBLES to Med-CORDEX. Climate Dynamics, 51 (3) 857-876.
  • (31) Mariotti, A.,  Y Pan, N Zeng, A Alessandri, 2015: Long-term climate change in the Mediterranean region in the midst of decadal variability. Climate Dynamics 44 (5-6), 1437-1456
  • (30) Wood E, SD Schubert, AW Wood, CD Peters-Lidard, KC Mo, A Mariotti, Pulwarty R, 2015: Prospects for Advancing Drought Understanding, Monitoring and Prediction Journal of Hydrometeorology, 16(4), 1636-1657.
  • (29) Virginie Guemas, Javier García‐Serrano, A Mariotti, Francisco Doblas‐Reyes, Louis‐Philippe Caron, 2015. Prospects for decadal climate prediction in the Mediterranean region. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 141, no. 687 (2015): 580-597.
  • (28) A Alessandri, M De Felice, N Zeng, A Mariotti, Y Pan, A Cherchi, JY Lee, Wang B, Ha KJ, Ruti P, Artale V, 2014. Robust assessment of the expansion and retreat of Mediterranean climate in the 21st century Scientific Reports 4, Article number: 7211 doi:10.1038/srep07211
  • (27) Drobinski P., Ducrocq V., Alpert P., Anagnostou E., Béranger K., Borga M., Braud I., Chanzy A., Davolio S., Delrieu G., Estournel C., Filali Boubrahmi N., Font J., Grubisic V., Gualdi S., Homar V., Ivancan-Picek B., Kottmeier C., Kotroni V., Lagouvardos K., Lionello P., Llasat M.C., Ludwig W., Lutoff C., Mariotti A., Richard E., Romero R., Rotunno R., Roussot O., Ruin I., Somot S., Taupier-Letage I., Tintore J., Uijlenhoet R., Wernli H., 2014. HyMeX, a 10-year  Multidisciplinary Program on the Mediterranean Water Cycle. Bull. Amer. Meteorol. Soc., doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00242.1 
  • (26) Martin Hoerling; Jon Eischeid; Arun Kumar; Ruby Leung; Annarita Mariotti Kingtse Mo; Siegfried Schubert; Richard Seager, 2014. Causes and Predictability of the 2012 Great Plains Drought, BAMS, 95, 2, pages: 269-282 doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00055.1
  • (25) Maloney et al., 2014 North American climate in CMIP5 experiments: Part III: Assessment of twenty-first-century projections - Journal of Climate, 27 (6) doi:
  • (24) Justin Sheffield, Andrew Barrett, Brian Colle, Rong Fu, Kerrie L. Geil, Qi Hu, Jim Kinter, Sanjiv Kumar, Baird Langenbrunner, Kelly Lombardo, Lindsey N. Long, Eric Maloney, Annarita Mariotti, Joyce E. Meyerson, Kingtse C. Mo, J. David Neelin, Zaitao Pan, Alfredo Ruiz-Barradas, Yolande L. Serra, Anji Seth, Jeanne M. Thibeault, Julienne C. Stroeve, 2013. North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part I: Evaluation of 20th Century Continental and Regional Climatology J of Climate, Journal of Climate 26 (23), 9209-9245
  • (23) Justin Sheffield, Suzana J. Camargo, Rong Fu, Qi Hu, Xianan Jiang, Nathaniel Johnson, Kristopher B. Karnauskas, Jim Kinter, Sanjiv Kumar, Baird Langenbrunner, Eric Maloney, Annarita Mariotti, Joyce E. Meyerson, J. David Neelin, Zaitao Pan, Alfredo Ruiz-Barradas, Richard Seager, Yolande L. Serra, De-Zheng Sun, Chunzai Wang, Shang-Ping Xie, Jin-Yi Yu, Tao Zhang, Ming Zhao,  2013. North American Climate in CMIP5 Experiments. Part II: Evaluation of 20th Century Intra-Seasonal to Decadal Variability. Journal of Climate 26 (23), 9247-9290.
  • (22) Mariotti A, Schubert S, Mo K,  Peters-Lidard C, Wood A, Pulwarty R, Huang J, Barrie D, 2013: Advancing drought understanding, monitoring and prediction. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00248.1
  • (21) Fenoglio-Marc L, Mariotti A, Sannino G, Meyssignac B, Carillo A, Struglia MV, Rixen M, 2013. Decadal variability of net water flux at the Mediterranean Sea Gibraltar Strait  Glob.  Planet. Change  Volume: 100   Pages: 1-10   DOI: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2012.08.007
  • (20) Mariotti A and Dell’Aquila A, 2012. Recent decadal climate changes in the Mediterranean region: roles of large-scale forcing versus regional processes. Clim. Dynamics: Volume 38, Numbers 5-6, 1129-1145, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-011-1056-7 
  • (19) Anav A and Mariotti A, 2011. Sensitivity of natural vegetation to climate change in the  Euro-Mediterranean area Climate Research, Vol. 46, No. 3   Pages: 277-292 DOI: 10.3354/cr00993.
  • (18) Mariotti A, 2010. Recent changes in Mediterranean water cycle: a pathway toward long-term regional hydroclimatic change? J of Climate, Vol. 23, No. 6.: 1513–1525.  doi: 10.1175/2009JCLI3251.1
  • (17) Sanchez-Gomez E, Somot S, Mariotti A, 2009. Future changes in the Mediterranean water budget projected by an ensemble of regional climate models. Geoph. Res. Lett., Vol. 36, No. 21, L21401.
  • (16) Mariotti A, Zeng N, Yoon J, Artale V, Navarra A, Alpert P, Li LZX, 2008. Mediterranean water cycle changes: transition to drier 21st century conditions in observations and CMIP3 simulations. Environmental Res. Lett, 3, 044001 (8pp)   doi:10.1088/1748-9326/3/4/044001.
  • (15) Zeng,N., J. Yoon, A. Vinzileos, G. J. Collatz, E. Kalnay, A. Mariotti, A. Kumar, A. Busalacchi, S. Lord, 2008. Dynamical prediction of terrestrial ecosystems and the global carbon cycle: a 25-year hindcast experiment. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 22, GB4015, doi:10.1029/2008GB003183.
  • (14) Zeng, N., J. Yoon, J. Marengo, A. Subramaniam, C. Nobre, A. Mariotti, J. D. Neelin, 2008. Causes and Impact of the 2005 Amazon drought. Environ. Res. Lett., 3, 014002, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/3/1/014002
  • (13) Zeng, N., J.-H. Yoon, A. Mariotti, and S. Swenson, 2008. Variability of basin-scale terrestrial water storage from a PER water budget method: The Amazon and the Mississippi. J. Climate, 21, 248-265.
  • (12) Mariotti A, 2007: How ENSO impacts precipitation in southwest central Asia, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L16706, doi:101029/2007GL030078. 
  • (11) Mariotti A and Arkin, P, 2007: The North Atlantic Oscillation and oceanic precipitation variability. Climate Dynamics, Volume 28 (1): 35-51. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-006-0170-4. 
  • (10) Mariotti A, Ballabrera-Poy J, Zeng N, 2005: Tropical influence on Euro-Asian autumn rainfall. Climate Dynamics, 24 (5) 10.1007/s00382-004-0498-6: 511-521. 
  • (9) Zeng N, Mariotti A, Wetzel P, 2005: Terrestrial mechanisms of interannual CO2 variability. Global. Biogeochem. Cycles, 19, GB1016, doi:10.1029/2004GB002273. 
  • (8) Struglia MV, Mariotti A, Filograsso A, 2004: River discharge into the Mediterranean Sea: climatology and aspects of the observed variability. Journal of Climate, 17 (24): 4740-4751. 
  • (7) Mariotti A, Zeng N, Lau K-M, 2002: Euro-Mediterranean rainfall and ENSO - a seasonally varying relationship. Geophysical Research Letters, 29 (12) 10.1029/2001GL014248.
  • (6) Mariotti A, Struglia MV, Zeng N, Lau K-M, 2002:  The hydrological cycle in the Mediterranean region and implications for the water budget of the Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Climate, 15 (13): 1674-1690. 
  • (5) Dragani R, Redaelli G, Visconti G, Mariotti A, Rudakov V, MacKenzie AR, Stefanutti L, 2002: High resolution stratospheric tracer fields reconstructed with lagrangian techniques: a comparative analysis of predictive skill. Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 59 (12): 1943-1958.
  • (4) Mariotti A, Mechoso, C.R.,Legras, B. and V. Daniel, 2000: The evolution of the ozone "collar" in the Antarctic lower stratosphere during early August 1994. Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 57: 402-414. 
  • (3) Mariotti A, Moustaoui M, Teitelbaum H, Legras B, 1997: Comparison between vertical ozone soundings and reconstructed potential vorticity maps by contour advection with surgery. Journal of Geophysical Research (Atmospheres), 102 (N5): 6131-6142, 20. 
  • (2) Mariotti A,  Legras B, Dritschel DG, 1994: Vortex stripping and the erosion of coherent structures in two-dimensional flows. Physics of Fluids,  6 (12). 
  • (1) Cerv V, Bozzo E, De Santis A, Elena A, Gambetta M, Mariotti A, Meloni A, Pek J, 1993: Electrical conductivity investigation of the Corso-Sardinian microplate area.  Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 80:169-189. 

List of book chapters, technical reports and other publications

  • (20) Mariotti, A., 2019. Female climate science pioneer steps out of obscurity. Nature Correspondence. Nature 571, 174 (2019) doi: 10.1038/d41586-019-02117-2
  • (19) Koch,D.,  Barrie DB, Mariotti A. 2018.  Workshop on the Initialization of High-Resolution Earth System Models April 9–10, 2018. DOE/SC-0195, NOAA Technical Report OAR CPO-6, doi:10.25923/20NE-2B12
  • (18) Mariotti A, DB Barrie, Read E, Stevens A, 2018 The Modeling Analysis Predictions and Projections program: overview and investigator feedback NOAA/OAR technical report, doi:10.7289/V5PV6HPC
  • (17) Huang J; Svoboda, M, Wood, A, Schubert, S, Peters-Lidard, C, Wood, W, Pulwarty, RS, Mariotti, A, Barrie, D., 2017 Research to Advance National Drought Monitoring and Prediction Capabilities in: Drought and Water Crises: Integrating Science, Management, and Policy, Second Edition Eds Wilhite,D and Pulwarty RS October CRC Press 542 Pages ISBN 9781138035645 
  • (16) Link, J.S. Tolman, H.L., Bayler, E., Brown, C.W., Burke, P.B., Carman, J.C., Cross, S.L., Dunne, J.P., Lipton, D.W., Mariotti, A., Methot, R.D., Myers, E.P., Schneider, T.L., Grasso, M., and Robinson, K.. 2017 High-level NOAA Unified Modeling Overview.  NOAA Technical Report, 20 p.  doi:10.7289/V5GB2248.
  • (15) L Zhou, M Divakarla, H Archambault, A Mariotti et al. 2017. Exploring JPSS Data Application for Earth System Data Assimilation
  • (14) Kinter et al., 2017: Climate Model Development Task Force Final Report. doi: 10.7289/V5/TR-OAR-CPO-6
  • (13) Kinter J, O’Brien T, Klein. Lin SJ, Medeiros B, Penny S, Putman W, Raeder K, Mariotti A, Joseph R, 2016: High-Resolution Coupling and Initialization to Improve Predictability and Predictions in Climate Models Workshop. DOE/SC-0183; NOAA Technical Report OAR CPO-5. doi:10.7289/V5K35RNX
  • (12) DeWitt D, Benjamin S, Gross B, Higgins W, Kopacz M, Kumar A, Mariotti A, Saha S, Tolman H. 2015: NOAA Holistic Climate and Earth System Model Strategy Phase I: Current State NOAA Technical Report OAR CPO-3 doi:10.7289/V5Z31WKK Climate Program Office Silver Spring, Maryland March 2015
  • (11) Koster, Randal D., Siegfried Schubert, Will Pozzi, Kingtse Mo, Eric F. Wood, Kerstin Stahl, Mike Hayes et al. "Technical Report Series on Global Modeling and Data Assimilation, Volume 41: GDIS Workshop Report." (2015).
  • (10) Sheffield et al (including Mariotti), 2014: Regional Climate Processes and Projections for North America: CMIP3/CMIP5 differences, attribution and outstanding issues. NOAA Technical Report OAR CPO-2, doi:10.7289/V5DB7ZRC 
  • (9) Huang et al., 2016: Research to advance national drought monitoring and prediction capabilities doi: 10.7289/V5V122S3
  • (8) Compo et al., 2016: Report from the NOAA Climate Reanalysis Task Force Technical Workshop. NOAA Technical Report OAR CPO-4. doi: 10.7289/V53J39ZZ
  • (7) Huang, J., Mariotti, A., Kinter, J., & Kumar, A. (2014). Preface to CFSv2 topical collection. Climate Dynamics, 43(7-8), 2309.
  • (6) Xoplaki, E., R. M. Trigo, R. García-Herrera, D. Barriopedro, F.  D’Andrea, E. M. Fischer, L. Gimeno, C. Gouveia, E. Hernandez, F. G. Kuglitsch, A. Mariotti, R. Nieto, J. G. Pinto, D. Pozo-Vázquez, H.  Saaroni, A. Toreti, I. F. Trigo, S. M. Vicente-Serrano, P. Yiou, and B. Ziv, 2012: Large-Scale Atmospheric Circulation Driving Extreme Climate  Events in the Mediterranean and its Related Impacts. In: Lionello, P. (ed.) The Climate of the Mediterranean Region. From the past to the future. Elsevier, 349-417.
  • (5) Silvio Gualdi, Samuel Somot, Wilhelm May, Sergio Castellari, Michel Déqué, Mario Adani, Vincenzo Artale, Alessio Bellucci, Joseph S. Breitgand, Adriana Carillo, Richard Cornes, Alessandro Dell’Aquila, Clotilde Dubois, Dimitrios Efthymiadis, Alberto Elizalde, Luis Gimeno, Clare M. Goodess, Ali Harzallah, Simon O. Krichak, Franz G. Kuglitsch, Gregor C. Leckebusch, Blandine L’Hévéder, Laurent Li, Piero Lionello, Jürg Luterbacher, Annarita Mariotti, Antonio Navarra, Raquel Nieto, Katrin M. Nissen, Paolo Oddo, Paolo Ruti, Antonella Sanna, Gianmaria Sannino, Enrico Scoccimarro, Florence Sevault, Maria Vittoria Struglia, Andrea Toreti, Uwe Ulbrich, and Elena Xoplaki. Future Climate Projections in Regional Assessment of Climate Change in the Mediterranean, 2013: A. Navarra, L.Tubiana (eds.), Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands
  • (4) Vurro M, Portoghese I, Mariotti A, 2010: Impatti sul ciclo idrologico e risorse idriche. In:  I cambiamenti climatici in Italia: evidenze, vulnerabilita’ ed impatti, Eds Castellari S and Artale V. Bonomia University Press. Pages 107-146.
  • (3) Alpert P and 12 co-authors (including Mariotti A), 2006: Relations between climate variability in the Mediterranean region and the Tropics: ENSO, South Asian and African Monsoons, Hurricanes and Saharan dust. In: The Mediterranean Climate: an overview of the main characteristics and issues, Eds. Lionello, P., Malanotte-Rizzoli, P., and Boscolo, R., Elsevier, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. 
  • (2) Trigo R and 22 co-authors (including Mariotti A), 2006: Relations between variability in the Mediterranean region and Mid-latitude variability. In: The Mediterranean Climate: an overview of the main characteristics and issues, Eds. Lionello, P., Malanotte-Rizzoli, P., and Boscolo, R., Elsevier, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. 
  • (1) Luterbacher J and 48 coauthors (including Mariotti A), 2006: Mediterranean climate variability over the last centuries: A review. In: The Mediterranean Climate: an overview of the main characteristics and issues, Eds. Lionello, P., Malanotte-Rizzoli, P., and Boscolo, R., Elsevier, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 27-148. 


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