The release of Global Carbon Budget 2014 coincided with the UN Climate Summit in New York on Sept. 23, 2014. The global report measures carbon dioxide in the Earth’s atmosphere, oceans and land environment draws heavily from data and observations by NOAA research scientists and their partners.
For the first time, the Global Carbon Budget report uses data obtained from autonomous instruments on ships of opportunity and moorings that measure carbon dioxide at the surface of the ocean.
NOAA research scientists and academic collaborators with sustained funding from the Climate Observations Division of NOAA’s Climate Program Office have been on the forefront of developing a global surface ocean carbon dioxide observing network to measure ocean carbon dioxide sources and sinks. NOAA and partners have contributed over half of the data in open access international global databases.
Americans’ health, security and economic wellbeing are tied to climate and weather. Every day, we see communities grappling with environmental challenges due to unusual or extreme events related to climate and weather. In 2011, the United States experienced a record high number (14) of climate- and weather-related disasters where overall costs reached or exceeded $1 billion. Combined, these events claimed 670 lives, caused more than 6,000 injuries, and cost $55 billion in damages. Businesses, policy leaders, resource managers and citizens are increasingly asking for information to help them address such challenges.
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